Table of contents
Looking for a cheat sheet? Check out our one-pager!
A Data Management Plan (DMP) is a short, formal document which clearly articulates the strategies and tools you will implement to effectively manage your data. The objective of a DMP is to address issues related to data management at the very beginning, when you are starting your research project. It speaks to the management of data both during the active phases of your research and after the completion of the research project.
The Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy states that: “All grant proposals submitted to the agencies should include methodologies that reflect best practices in RDM (Research Data Management). For certain funding opportunities (listed below), the agencies will require data management plans (DMPs) to be submitted to the appropriate agency at the time of application, as outlined in the call for proposals; in these cases, the DMPs will be considered in the adjudication process.”
So far, we are seeing the following funding opportunities requiring DMPs, in addition to all CFI (Canada Foundation for Innovation) applications:
- Network Grants in Skin Health and Muscular Dystrophy
- Data Science for Equity
- Team Grant: Strengthening the Health Workforce for System Transformation (previously known as Virtual Care/Digital Health Team Grants)
- Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants program (Individual and Project).
- Partnership Grants Phase 2.
- When creating your research project’s DMP, it’s important to begin with a general description that outlines the project’s focus and purpose.
- Keep in mind that the DMP should be easily understood by anyone, so try to avoid using excessive discipline-specific jargon.
- If you do need to use acronyms, be sure to define them for clarity.
- Not all sections or questions in the DMP may be applicable to your specific project, so feel free to leave them blank if necessary.
- Additionally, consider including ORCIDs (Open Researcher and Contributor IDs) for the researchers involved. ORCIDs provide metadata that ensure appropriate academic credits are attributed.
Remember that your DMP is a living document that should be developed at the very beginning in the research process and regularly updated as needed, similar to your README file and data dictionary.
To create your DMP, please use DMP Assistant.
This is a free, open-source Canadian tool created by the Portage network (now The Digital Research Alliance of Canada) for preparing DMPs. It is available in both English and French and allows you to create and export your DMP.
UBC has a general template for UBC researchers. This tool follows best practices in data stewardship and walks researchers step-by-step through key questions about data management.
DMP Assistant is designed to meet the requirements of these Canadian funders:
- Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI)
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
- Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
The Portage community and the Alliance community have also collaborated on some excellent exemplars. These exemplars cover a range of disciplines and research methods, highlight best practices for DMPs in those disciplines, and provide a reference point for researchers writing their own DMPs.
In the United States, the University of California maintains DMP Tool, and the Digital Curation Centre in the UK maintains DMP Online. Each of these tools functions similarly (in fact we all share the same code base) by walking you through the process of writing a DMP.
These key components should be considered to create a meaningful DMP:
- Data Collection
- Documentation and Metadata
- Storage and Backup
- Deposit, Resue, Preservation
- Responsibilities and Resources
- Ethcis and Legal Compliance